What Is Software Testing | Everything You Should Know
Looking to learn everything there is to know about What is Software Testing? You’re in the right place. Now let’s move ahead and know more about the importance of testing.
Software testing is not what it was a decade ago. In the last few years, it has transformed a lot.
In this article, you will learn:
What is Software
Software is a set of instructions or programs that tell a computer what to do. It can be divided into two main categrories ie., system software and application software.
System software includes the operating system and all the utilities that help keep the computer running. Application software includes programs that do specific tasks, such as word processing or playing games.
Other types of software, including: middleware, driver software, programming software.
What is Testing
Testing is the process of determining how effective something is.
What is Software Testing
Software testing is a process, to evaluate the functionality of a software application with an intent to find whether the developed software met the specified requirements or not and to identify the defects to ensure that the product is defect-free in order to produce a quality product.
Let’s see the standard definition, testing types such as manual testing and automation testing, testing methods, testing approaches, and types of black-box testing.
Definition of Software Testing in Software Engineering
According to ANSI/IEEE 1059 Software Testing Standard, Testing in Software Engineering is a process of analyzing a software product or system to examining a software product or system to determine whether it satisfies or fails to satisfy established conditions (i.e., defects). The testing process evaluates the software products characteristics for requirements such as missing requirements, bugs, or errors in order to evaluate its reliability, security, and performance.
In addition, check the below video tutorial on Testing.
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Why do we need Software Testing?
Interviewers may ask you “Why is testing required” or “Why Software Testing”.
When I started my career I had no idea what software testing is and why it is required.
I also had no clue where to start. Maybe you are in the same situation as I was long back.
Don’t miss our guides on how to become a Software Tester and also how to shift your career from manual to automation testing
Now I say it is an art to evaluate the functionality of a software application with an intent to find whether the developed software meets the specified requirements or not and to identify the defects to ensure that the product is defect-free in order to produce a quality product.
What if there is No Software Testing in the Software Development Process
As per the current trend, due to constant change and development in digitization, our lives are improving in all areas. The way we work is also changed.
For instance, we access our bank online, we do shopping online, we order food online, and many more. We rely on software and systems.
What if these systems turn out to be defective. We all know that one small bug shows a huge impact on business in terms of financial loss and goodwill.
To deliver a quality product, we need to have tested in the Software Development Process.
Some of the reasons why testing become a very significant and integral part of the field of information technology are as follows. These are the benefits of software testing.
- Customer Satisfaction
- Product Quality
As a matter of fact, design defects can never be completely ruled out for any complex system.
It is not because developers are careless but because the complexity of a system is intractable.
If the design issues go undetected, then it will become more difficult to trace back defects and rectify it. It will become more expensive to fix it.
Sometimes, while fixing one bug we may introduce another one in some other module unknowingly. If the bugs can be identified in the early stages of development then it costs much less to fix them.
That is why it is important to find defects in the early stages of the software development life cycle.
One of the benefits of testing is cost-effectiveness.
It is better to start testing earlier and introduce it in every phase of the software development life cycle and regular testing is needed to ensure that the application is developed as per the requirement.
2. Customer Satisfaction
In any business, the ultimate goal is to give the best customer satisfaction. Yes, customer satisfaction is very important.
Software testing improves the user experience of an application and gives satisfaction to the customers. Happy customers mean more revenue for a business.
This is probably the most sensitive and vulnerable part of testing. Testing (penetration testing & security testing) helps in product security.
Hackers gain unauthorized access to data. These hackers steal user information and use it for their benefit. If your product is not secured, users won’t prefer your product. Users always look for trusted products. Testing helps in removing vulnerabilities in the product.
4. Product Quality
Software Testing is an art that helps in strengthening the market reputation of a company by delivering a quality product to the client as mentioned in the requirement specification documents.
Due to these reasons, software testing becomes a very significant and integral part of the Software Development process.
What are the different types of Software Testing?
Don’t miss: Manual Testing vs Automation Testing
#1. Manual Testing
Manual testing is the process of testing the software by hand to learn more about it, to find what is and isn’t working.
This usually includes verifying all the features specified in requirements documents, but often also includes the testers trying the software with the perspective of their end user’s in mind.
Manual test plans vary from fully scripted test cases, giving testers detailed steps and expected results, through to high-level guides that steer exploratory testing sessions.
There are lots of sophisticated tools on the market to help with manual testing, but if you want a simple and flexible place to start, take a look at Testpad.
#2. Automation Testing
Automation testing is the process of using automation testing tools to control the execution of tests and compare the results against expected outcomes and to find the defects.
In this process, testers execute the test scripts and generate the test results automatically by using automation tools.
Some of the famous automation testing tools for functional testing include Selenium, testRigor, and Katalon Studio.
Selenium is no longer a strange name for web application testers. It offers powerful capabilities like cross-browser testing but is difficult to learn for those new to automation or with limited programming experience.
That’s why most QAs freshers and manual testers start out with Selenium Alternatives.
testRigor is one of the best alternatives to selenium.
- It allows you to create stable tests in plain English.
- It allows you to build tests which run in all Desktop and Mobile browsers, and Native mobile applications.
Check out our detailed step by step Selenium Tutorial
- Static Testing
- Dynamic Testing
#1. Static Testing
It is also known as Verification in Software Testing.
Verification is a static method of checking documents and files.
Verification is the process, to ensure that whether we are building the product right i.e., to verify the requirements which we have and to verify whether we are developing the product accordingly or not.
Activities involved here are Inspections, Reviews, Walkthroughs
#2. Dynamic Testing
It is also known as Validation in Software Testing.
Validation is a dynamic process of testing the real product.
Validation is the process, whether we are building the right product i.e., to validate the product which we have developed is right or not.
Activities involved in this is Testing the software application (Desktop application, Web application, Mobile Apps)
Read more on Static and Dynamic Testing.
There are three types of software testing approaches.
- White Box Testing
- Black Box Testing
- Grey Box Testing
#1. White Box Testing
It is also called Glass Box, Clear Box, Structural Testing.
White Box Testing is based on the application’s internal code structure. In white-box testing, an internal perspective of the system, as well as programming skills, are used to design test cases. This testing is usually done at the unit level.
#2. Black Box Testing
It is also called Behavioral/Specification-Based/Input-Output Testing.
Black Box Testing is a software testing method in which testers evaluate the functionality of the software under test without looking at the internal code structure.
#3. Grey Box Testing
Grey box is the combination of both White Box and Black Box Testing.
The tester who works on this type of testing needs to have access to design documents. This helps to create better test cases in this process.
Read more on White Box and Black Box Testing
No matter whether you are a Black box, White box, or Grey box tester. The success of a project due to software testing in Software Engineering has a huge role.
- Unit Testing
- Integration Testing
- System Testing
- Acceptance Testing
#1. Unit Testing
Unit Testing is done to check whether the individual modules of the source code are working properly. i.e. testing each and every unit of the application separately by the developer in the developer’s environment. It is AKA Module Testing or Component Testing. To learn about Unit Testing, check out our detailed Unit Testing Guide
#2. Integration Testing
Integration Testing is the process of testing the connectivity or data transfer between a couple of unit tested modules. It is AKA I&T Testing or String Testing. It is subdivided into the Top-Down Approach, Bottom-Up Approach, and Sandwich Approach (Combination of Top-Down and Bottom-Up). To learn about Integration Testing, check out our detailed Integration Testing Guide
#3. System Testing (End to End Testing)
It’s a black box testing. Testing the fully integrated application is also called as an end to end scenario testing. To ensure that the software works in all intended target systems. Verify thorough testing of every input in the application to check for desired outputs. Testing of the user’s experiences with the application. To learn about System Testing, check out our detailed System Testing Guide
#4. Acceptance Testing
To obtain customer sign-off so that software can be delivered and payments received. Types of Acceptance Testing are Alpha, Beta & Gamma Testing. To learn about Acceptance Testing, check out our detailed Acceptance Testing Guide
Read more on Levels of Testing.
Types of Black Box Testing
- Functionality Testing
- Non-functionality Testing
#1. Functional Testing
In simple words, what the system actually does is functional testing. To verify that each function of the software application behaves as specified in the requirement document. Testing all the functionalities by providing appropriate input to verify whether the actual output is matching the expected output or not. It falls within the scope of black-box testing and the testers need not concern about the source code of the application.
Don’t miss: Functional Testing vs Non-functional Testing
#2. Non-functional Testing
In simple words, how well the system performs is non-functionality testing. Non-functional testing refers to various aspects of the software such as performance, load, stress, scalability, security, compatibility, etc., The Main focus is to improve the user experience on how fast the system responds to a request.
There are more than 100 types of testing types. You can check this post where we have mentioned 100+ software testing types.
Test Artifacts are the deliverables that are given to the stakeholders of a software project. A software project which follows SDLC undergoes the different phases before delivering to the customer. In this process, there will be some deliverables in every phase. Some of the deliverables are provided before the testing phase commences and some are provided during the testing phase and the rest after the testing phase is completed.
Some of the test deliverables are as follows: (Free Download Testing Resources)
- Test plan
- Test case
- Traceability matrix
- Test script
- Test suite
- Release Note
- Test data or Test Fixture
- Test harness
Read more: Detailed explanation – Test Artifacts
Principles of Software Testing
The testing of software consists of some principles that play a vital role while testing the project.
The Principles of Testing are as follows :
- Testing shows the presence of defects
- Exhaustive testing is impossible
- Early testing
- Defect clustering
- Pesticide paradox
- Testing is context-dependent
- Absence of error – a fallacy
Read more: Detailed explanation – Principles of Software Testing
Best Software Testing Companies
Here is the comprehensive list of the best QA/Testing Service Provider Companies. In this list, you can find both Software QA Service Provider Companies from India and worldwide that offer innovative and cost-efficient quality assurance and software testing solutions.
Above all, nowadays automation testing has huge demand in the market.
For instance, if you are an experienced manual tester you can try the automation field. Do you want to become an automation tester, then go through this detailed guide on how to shift your career from manual testing to automation testing?
Also, know the difference between Software Tester & SDET (Software Development Engineer in Test)
I hope that you’ve learned something important when it comes to the world of Software Testing. Feel free to check out our extensive list of Software Testing resources that will help you grow your Software Testing Career.
You may also like:
- Software Testing Tutorial (Free Software Testing Course)
- Manual Testing Interview Questions
- 100+ Types of Software Testing
- Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) – Complete Guide
- Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) – Complete Guide
- Bug Life Cycle (Defect Life Cycle) – Complete Guide
- When and how we do Regression Testing in Software Development
- When we do Retesting in Software Development
- Software Testing Tools
Finally, check our write & earn freelance software testing jobs here
FAQ’s on Software Testing
How To Become A Software Tester?
To become a Software Tester, you need to have good logical thinking, analytical skills, passion, education qualification, and communication skills. Don’t miss the useful articles we have written earlier on how to become a Software Tester and also discussed the Top 20 skills of a highly effective Software Tester.
Is Software Testing A Good Career?
Choosing Software Testing as a career is a good choice. Nowadays, companies are more concerned about the quality of their product. No one will release a product without a quality check. You can start your career in Software Testing by learning manual testing concepts first and then move on to automation testing.
How To Start Learning Software Testing
There are many good blogs available on the internet to learn Software Testing both theoretically and practically. The good news is that you can go through this FREE Software Testing Course to learn Software Testing easily.
How To Shift From Manual Testing To Automation Testing?
If you are in the field of Software Testing with good experience in Manual Testing, then you can easily shift to Automation Testing by learning any of the popular Automation Testing Tools like Selenium. Here is a guide on how to move from Manual To Automation Testing.
Is Automated Testing Making Manual Testing Obsolete?
The short answer is: no, manual testing is not becoming obsolete.
There are several reasons for this. First, manual testing can be more effective than automation in certain situations. For example, manual testing is often better at finding bugs that are related to the user interface or UX of a software application. Automation can sometimes have trouble with these types of bugs.
Second, manual testing is often necessary to supplement automation testing. Automation can cover a lot of ground, but it can’t do everything. Manual testing can help to fill in the gaps and make sure that all areas of the software application are being tested.
Finally, manual testing is simply more flexible than automation. Automation requires that tests be written in advance and that they follow a certain structure. manual testing, on the other hand, can be done on the fly and doesn’t require any advance planning. This makes manual testing ideal for situations where changes are being made to the software application on a regular basis.
The best result is achieved when both manual and automated tests are combined.
In conclusion, manual testing is not becoming obsolete. It is still an important part of the software testing process and will continue to be for the foreseeable future.
How much does a Software Test Engineer make?
The average salary of a Software Development Engineer, Test (SDET) is $71,508.
The average Software Tester salary (SDET) in India is ₹820,490.
How much does an Automation Test Engineer make?
The average salary of a Senior Quality Assurance (QA) / Test Automation Engineer is $71,508.
The average salary of a Senior Quality Assurance (QA) / Test Automation Engineer in India is ₹867,192.
Why Is There Such a Huge Demand for Test Automation?
Test automation is in high demand for a number of reasons. First, it can save organizations a lot of time and money. Test automation can also improve the quality of your software products by catching defects early on in the development process. Additionally, automated testing can help you to speed up your software release cycles, making your products more competitive in the market.
There are a number of different ways to automate your testing, such as using open source tools, commercial tools, or even custom-built tools. Whatever approach you take, automating your testing can have a big impact on the success of your software development projects.
What are some good books about Software Testing?
Check our curated list of 15 Best Software Testing Books every Software QA should read.
What is Program Testing in Software Testing?
Program Testing is a method of executing a program with the intent of testing program behavior and finding bugs. It shows only if errors are present and cannot show the absence of errors. A good program testing is one that has a high probability of fiding bugs.
What are the latest trends in Software Testing?
Top Software Testing Trends are as follows
#1. Agile and DevOps
#3. Scriptless Test Automation
#4. Big Data Testing
#5. Internet of Things (IoT) Test Automation
#6. Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning
#7. Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
#8. Shift Left Testing
#9. Blockchain Testing
#10. Test Automation
#11. Selenium 4
Check our detailed article on the latest Software Testing Trends here.
What are the latest trends in Mobile Testing?
Top 10 Mobility Testing Trends are as follows
#1. Artificial Intelligence
#2. Quality Assurance Automation
#3. Security Testing Will Grow Increasingly Important
#4. Scriptless Test Automation
#5. API and Service Testing
#6. Outsourcing to Usability and Quality Testing Centers
#7. Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery Will Continue to Grow
#8. DevOps and Agile Testing
#9. Real Device Cloud Testing
#10. IoT Testing Focus
Check our detailed article on the latest Mobile Testing Trends here.
Thank for this information it is really helpful for us
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Sir please check for 7 Principles of Software Testing page link it’s not working showing error page once I clicked on this page link .
Hi. Pls check this link.