In this post, we will see the Best Automation Testing Tools for 2020.
Software development practices change over time, so do the tools and technologies. Such changes aim to improve productivity, quality, customer satisfaction, to tackle ever-shorter delivery time, and to deliver successful products and services. Software testing obviously plays an important role in achieving these objectives.
The recently released World Quality Report 2017–2018 by Capgemini, Sogeti, and Marco Focus points out several interesting trends in software quality and testing. Two of three key trends are increasing test automation and widespread adoption of agile and DevOps methodologies. As the report shows, organizations need intelligent automation and smart analytics to speed up decision making and validation and to better address the challenges of testing smarter devices and products that are highly integrated and continuously changing. The report also suggests the need for smart test platforms that are self-aware and self-adaptive to support the complete application lifecycle.
In the test automation landscape, automation tools certainly take a center stage. This post summarizes the top test automation tools and frameworks that have the potential to help organizations to best position themselves to keep pace with the trends in software testing. The list includes both open-source and commercial test automation solutions.
List of Popular Automation Testing Tools:
Here I am going to list the tools used for automation testing contains both free and commercial ones.
- Katalon Studio
- IBM Rational Functional Tester
- Tricentis Tosca
- Robot Framework
Now that you know of a list, let us take a look at each of them in detail.
Best Automation Testing Tools
Kobiton’s mobile device testing platform accelerates the testing and delivery of mobile applications by offering live device testing in the cloud. Through their Intelligent Test Automation, a scriptless automation solution, Kobiton enables companies to conduct the extensive, automated real-device testing necessary to create flawless experiences for all users on all devices.
- Scriptless appium automation
- Automated crash detection
- Visual validation for a pixel-perfect app on all devices
- Recommendation Engine powered by AI to help the tester
To learn Kobiton, read our detailed Kobiton Tutorial.
Selenium is possibly the most popular open-source test automation framework for Web applications. Being originated in the 2000s and evolved over a decade, Selenium has been an automation framework of choice for Web automation testers, especially for those who possess advanced programming and scripting skills. Selenium has become a core framework for other open-source test automation tools such as Katalon Studio, Watir, Protractor, and Robot Framework.
Selenium supports multiple system environments (Windows, Mac, Linux) and browsers (Chrome, Firefox, IE, and Headless browsers). Its scripts can be written in various programming languages such as Java, Groovy, Python, C#, PHP, Ruby, and Perl.
While testers have flexibility with Selenium and they can write complex and advanced test scripts to meet various levels of complexity, it requires advanced programming skills and effort to build automation frameworks and libraries for specific testing needs.
To learn Selenium, read our detailed Selenium Tutorial.
Subject7 is a State-of-the-art cloud-based platform for end-to-end test automation which covers web, native mobile, desktop, database, web services (REST and SOAP), load testing, security testing, 508/accessibility testing, manual testing, and much more. The Subject7 Platform provides end-to-end test automation capabilities through a series of commands. These commands are available via an easy-to-use web interface, hiding the complexities of industry-standard packages such as Selenium, Appium, SikuliX, JMeter, ZAP, and others.
Subject7 Player, which executes these automation commands, is available on users’ machines (for authoring and debugging), in the cloud for parallel execution, as a load-generating engine, and for active or passive security checks, all using the same commands making automation uniform across-the-board.
Extensive APIs allow for integration into JIRA, Jenkins, GitHub, or any DevOps platform for test automation in real time. It is further available on public, protected, or private clouds (i.e. on-premise).
Pricing: Commercial SaaS
Ranorex Studio is an all-in-one test automation tool for desktop, mobile, and web trusted by over 4,000 companies worldwide. The application offers codeless test automation, enabling beginners to test straight away, as well as a complete IDE to give experts the power they need.
- Reliable object identification, even for web elements with dynamic IDs.
- Shareable object repository.
- Reduce test maintenance with reusable code modules.
- Cross-platform and cross-browser testing.
- Test in parallel or distribute on a Selenium Grid with built-in Selenium WebDriver.
- Customizable, easy-to-read test reports.
- Enable video reporting to see what caused a test to fail without re-running the test.
- Integrates with a complete testing toolchain: Azure DevOps, Jira, Jenkins, TestRail, Git, and more.
Official Link: Ranorex
LambdaTest is a Cross Browser Testing Cloud, allows developers and testers to perform Cross Browser Testing on 2000+ Real Browsers and Operating System Online in varying screen resolutions. LambdaTest allows us to test on latest mobile and desktop browsers on the cloud. We can ensure our website is compatible across all browsers and devices by performing Real-time cross Browser Compatibility testing with LambdaTest. We can choose from a wide range of updated Android and iOS mobile devices from latest to oldest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Internet Explorer, Opera, and Yandex. It also allows us to test for responsiveness and take full paged automated screenshots. Supported devices are Windows, Android, iPhone/iPad, Mac, and Web-based.
- Online Browser Compatibility Testing.
- 2000+ Real Browsers and Operating System Online in varying screen resolutions.
- Faster Automated Screenshots / Screenshot testing.
- Check Responsiveness on All Screen Sizes.
- Seamless Collaboration and Testing.
- Testing Locally Hosted Pages.
- Smart Visual Regression Testing.
- Resolution Display Testing. Screen resolutions ranging from 800×600 to 2560×1440 are available.
- LambdaTest Inbuilt Issue Tracker.
Free Trial: Lifetime free (1 concurrent session – 5 users)
Pricing: $15/mo for an annual plan and $19/mo for a monthly plan
Official Link: LambdaTest
Check out our review on LambdaTest Cross Browser Testing Tool
6. Katalon Studio
Katalon Studio is a powerful test automation solution for a web application, mobile, and web services. Being built on top of the Selenium and Appium frameworks, Katalon Studio takes advantage of these solutions for integrated software automation.
The tool supports different levels of testing skill set. Non-programmers can find it easy to start an automation testing project (like using Object Spy to record test scripts) while programmers and advanced automation testers can save time from building new libraries and maintaining their scripts.
Katalon Studio can be integrated into CI/CD processes and works well with popular tools in the QA process including qTest, JIRA, Jenkins, and Git. It offers a nice feature called Katalon Analytics which provides users comprehensive views of test execution reports via dashboard including metrics, charts, and graphs.
Website: Katalon Studio
To learn Katalon, read our Katalon Studio Tutorial
Unified Functional Testing (UFT) is a well-known commercial testing tool for functional testing. It provides a comprehensive feature set for API, web services, and GUI testing of desktop, web, and mobile applications across platforms. The tool has advanced image-based object recognition feature, reusable test components, and automated documentation.
UFT uses Visual Basic Scripting Edition to register testing processes and object control. UFT is integrated with Mercury Business Process Testing and Mercury Quality Center. The tool supports CI via integration with CI tools such as Jenkins.
Watir is an open-source testing tool for web automation testing based on Ruby libraries. Watir supports cross-browser testing including Firefox, Opera, headless browser, and IE. It also supports data-driven testing and integrates with BBD tools like RSpec, Cucumber, and Test/Unit.
9. IBM Rational Functional Tester
IBM RFT is a data-driven testing platform for functional and regression testing. It supports a wide range of application such as .Net, Java, SAP, Flex, and Ajax. RFT uses Visual Basic .Net and Java as scripting languages. RFT has a unique feature called Storyboard testing in which users’ actions on AUT are recorded and visualized in a storyboard format through application screenshots.
Another interesting feature of RFT is its integration with IBM Jazz application lifecycle management systems such as IBM Rational Team Concert and Rational Quality Manager.
Website: IBM RFT
Like UTF, TestComplete’s GUI object recognition capability can automatically detect and update UI objects which helps reduce the effort to maintain test scripts when the AUT is changed. It also integrates with Jenkins in a CI process.
11. EggPlant (TestPlant)
An image-based automated functional testing tool that enables testers to interact with AUT the same way end users do. TestPlant eggPlant is completely different from traditional testing tools in its approach: modeling user’s point of view rather instead of the test scripts view often seen by testers. This allows testers with less programming skills to learn and apply test automation intuitively. The tool supports various platforms like Web, mobile, and POS systems. It offers lab management and CI integration as well.
12. Tricentis Tosca
Tricentis Tosca is a model-based test automation tool that provides quite a broad feature set for continuous testing including dashboards, analytics, and integrations to support agile and DevOps methodologies.
Tricentis Tosca helps users to optimize the reusability of test assets. Like many other test automation tools, it supports a wide range of technologies and applications such as web, mobile, and API. Tricentis Tosca also has features for integration management, risk analysis, and distributed execution.
Website: Tricentis Tosca
13. Robot framework
Robot Framework is an open-source automation framework that implements the keyword-driven approach for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development (ATDD). Robot Framework provides frameworks for different test automation needs. But its test capability can be further extended by implementing additional test libraries using Python and Java. Selenium WebDriver is a popular external library used in Robot Framework.
Test engineers can leverage Robot Framework as an automation framework for not only web testing but also for Android and iOS test automation. Robot Framework can be easy to learn from testers who are familiar with keyword-driven testing.
Website: Robot Framework
As we can see, each of these automation tools has unique features to offer in addressing the growing challenges of software automation in the years ahead. Most provide capabilities for continuous testing and integration, test management, and reporting. They all support increasing automation needs for Web and Mobile testing. However, intelligent testing and smart analytics for adaptive and heterogeneous environments are still something to be desired for automation tools.
Here I have hand-picked a few posts which will help you to learn more about Software Testing.
- Best Bug Tracking Tools
- Best API Testing Tools
- Popular Test Management Tools
- Test Strategy Document – A Complete Guide
- How To Prepare A Test Plan
- Test Case Template with Detailed Explanation
- Explain Test Automation Framework
- Why You Choose Software Testing As A Career
- Manual Testing Tutorial
- Selenium Tutorial
If you have any more questions, feel free to ask via comments. If you find this post useful, do share it with your friends on Social Networking.
Disclaimer: The order of tools doesn’t suggest any recommendations. You may choose any tool as per your requirements.
About The Author:
Katalon Studio is a simple and powerful automation solution built by KMS Technology for testers everywhere. The tool provides comparable features to popular commercial solutions whilst eliminating the effort to build an automation framework from open sources. Best of all, we’re committed to keeping Katalon Studio free.
Update: Above post is recently modified by STM admin