In this post, we will see the Best Functional Testing Tools for 2020.
Software development practices change over time, so do the tools and technologies. Such changes aim to improve productivity, quality, customer satisfaction, to tackle ever-shorter delivery time, and to deliver successful products and services. Software testing obviously plays an important role in achieving these objectives.
This post summarizes the top functional testing tools that have the potential to help organizations to best position themselves to keep pace with the trends in software testing. The list includes both open-source and commercial functional testing solutions.
Popular Functional Testing Tools:
Let’s see some of the popular tools for the functional testing process.
- IBM Rational Functional Tester
- Tricentis Tosca
- Sahi Pro
- QA Wizard
Features of Functional Testing Tools:
Now in this section, we will see the above tools in detail.
Selenium is possibly the most popular open-source test automation framework for Web applications. Being originated in the 2000s and evolved over a decade, Selenium has been an automation framework of choice for Web automation testers, especially for those who possess advanced programming and scripting skills. Selenium has become a core framework for other open-source test automation tools such as Katalon Studio, Watir, Protractor, and Robot Framework.
Selenium supports multiple system environments (Windows, Mac, Linux) and browsers (Chrome, Firefox, IE, and Headless browsers). Its scripts can be written in various programming languages such as Java, Groovy, Python, C#, PHP, Ruby, and Perl. While testers have flexibility with Selenium and they can write complex and advanced test scripts to meet various levels of complexity, it requires advanced programming skills and effort to build automation frameworks and libraries for specific testing needs.
Unified Functional Testing (UFT) is a well-known commercial testing tool for functional testing. It provides a comprehensive feature set for API, web services, and GUI testing of desktop, web, and mobile applications across platforms. The tool has advanced image-based object recognition feature, reusable test components, and automated documentation.
UFT uses Visual Basic Scripting Edition to register testing processes and object control. UFT is integrated with Mercury Business Process Testing and Mercury Quality Center. The tool supports CI via integration with CI tools such as Jenkins.
Watir is an open-source testing tool for web automation testing based on Ruby libraries. Watir supports cross-browser testing including Firefox, Opera, headless browser, and IE. It also supports data-driven testing and integrates with BBD tools like RSpec, Cucumber, and Test/Unit.
IBM Rational Functional Tester
IBM RFT is a data-driven testing platform for functional and regression testing. It supports a wide range of application such as .Net, Java, SAP, Flex, and Ajax. RFT uses Visual Basic .Net and Java as scripting languages. RFT has a unique feature called Storyboard testing in which users’ actions on AUT are recorded and visualized in a storyboard format through application screenshots.
Another interesting feature of RFT is its integration with IBM Jazz application lifecycle management systems such as IBM Rational Team Concert and Rational Quality Manager.
Like UTF, TestComplete’s GUI object recognition capability can automatically detect and update UI objects which helps reduce the effort to maintain test scripts when the AUT is changed. It also integrates with Jenkins in a CI process.
Tricentis Tosca is a model-based test automation tool that provides quite a broad feature set for continuous testing including dashboards, analytics, and integrations to support agile and DevOps methodologies.
Tricentis Tosca helps users to optimize the reusability of test assets. Like many other test automation tools, it supports a wide range of technologies and applications such as web, mobile, and API. Tricentis Tosca also has features for integration management, risk analysis, and distributed execution.
Ranorex Studio is an all-in-one test automation tool for desktop, mobile, and web trusted by over 4,000 companies worldwide. The application offers codeless test automation, enabling beginners to test straight away, as well as a complete IDE to give experts the power they need.
- Reliable object identification, even for web elements with dynamic IDs.
- Shareable object repository.
- Reduce test maintenance with reusable code modules.
- Cross-platform and cross-browser testing.
- Test in parallel or distribute on a Selenium Grid with built-in Selenium WebDriver.
- Customizable, easy-to-read test reports.
- Enable video reporting to see what caused a test to fail without re-running the test.
- Integrates with a complete testing toolchain: Azure DevOps, Jira, Jenkins, TestRail, Git, and more.
- Inbuilt Excel framework to let your business analysts and non-technical professionals contribute towards testing.
- Simple and powerful APIs
- Object spy and recorder
- Automatic logging and reporting
- Parallel and distributed playback
- Continuous integration
- Test any browser on any operating system
- Test any Windows desktop applications
- Test any iOS and Android, Native and Hybrid Applications
Free Trial: 30 days
Pricing: starts $695 per year
Official website: Link
QA Wizard Pro automates functional and regression testing of web, Windows, and Java applications, and load test web applications.
Source Code: Licensed
Official Website: Link
We have included most of the tools we have come across. If we missed any tool, please share in the comments and we will include in our list of Functional Testing Tools. You may also want to check out our ultimate list of test management tools that contains Popular Test Management Tools.
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Disclaimer: The order of these test management tools doesn’t suggest any recommendations.
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