• What is Automation Testing - Advantages & Types of Tools
  • What is Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, Selenium WebDriver, Selenium Grid?
  • Selenium IDE, Firebug & Firepath Installation


  • Selenium WebDriver Architecture
  • Selenium Installation
  • Challenges and Limitations of Selenium
  • First Selenium WebDriver Script
  • Working with Firefox Browser
  • Solution - Failed To Launch Browser Using Selenium WebDriver
  • Working with Chrome Browser
  • Working with IE Browser
  • Difference Between FindElement & FindElements
  • Install Firebug, Fire path and other add on for Selenium
  • Locators in Selenium
  • Dynamic Xpath
  • Dynamic CSS
  • Handle drop-downs
  • How to work with file upload
  • Handle Alerts & Popups
  • Handle Multiple Windows
  • Mouse Hover event in Selenium
  • Right Click
  • Double Click
  • Drag and Drop
  • Capture Screenshots in Selenium
  • Parameterization
  • Synchronization
  • Implicit Wait, Explicit Wait and Fluent Wait in Selenium
  • Implicit Waits
  • Explicit WebDriver Waits
  • Fluent Wait In Selenium
  • Apache POI
  • How To Read Data From Excel File
  • How To Write Data In Excel File
  • Database Testing Using MSSQL
  • Database Testing Using MySQL
  • Database Testing Using DB2
  • Handle Ajax Call in Selenium
  • Listeners in Selenium
  • Handling JavaScript in Selenium
  • Stale Element Reference Exception in Selenium
  • Integrate Sikuli with Selenium
  • Headless Browser Testing 
  • Headless Browser Testing using HtmlUnitDriver
  • Headless Browser Testing using PhanthomJSDriver


  • TestNG Installation
  • TestNG Complete Tutorial


  • Extent Reports Introduction
  • Extent Reports Generation
  • Capturing Screenshots & Including In Extent Reports
  • Extent Reports Version 4


  • ANT Build Tool - How To Download & Install
  • Maven Build Tool - How To Download & Install
  • Creating Maven Selenium Project
  • GIT Integration with Selenium
  • Jenkins - How To Download & Install
  • Jenkins - Executing TestNG Scripts
  • Jenkins - Generating Reports After Test Execution
  • Jenkins - Executing Maven Project
  • Create build and Execute build for nightly execution
  • Send Email report based on build Status
  • Selenium Continuous Integration with Jenkins [Selenium – Maven – Git – Jenkins] – Step By Step Guide


  • Running Selenium Tests On BrowserStack
  • Kobiton - Mobile Testing Platform with Real Devices


  • Mobile Testing Platform with Real Devices


  • What is Framework & Types of Framework
  • Page Object Model Design Pattern
  • Data Driven Framework
  • How to explain Test Automation Framework or Selenium Automation Framework Architecture In Interview

  • API Testing:

  • Learn API Testing
  • Postman Tutorial (API Testing with Postman)


  • Test Automation Framework Interview Questions
  • Selenium Interview Questions
  • TestNG Interview Questions
  • Java Interview Questions
  • Python Interview Questions
  • API Testing Interview Questions


  • Automation Tester Resume
  • 7 Challenges in Test Automation {Challenges & Limitations in Selenium WebDriver}

    Challenges and limitations of Selenium WebDriver 

    As we all know Selenium WebDriver is a tool which automates the browser to mimic real user actions on the web. Selenium is a free open source testing tool. Some of the challenges with Selenium WebDriver are as follows

    Challenges Limitations Selenium WebDriver

    Check the below video to watch “Challenges and Limitations of Selenium WebDriver”

    1. We cannot test windows application:

    Selenium doesn’t support windows based applications. It supports only web-based applications.

    2. We cannot test mobile apps:

    We can test on any operating system and browser on the desktop using selenium but we cant deal mobile testing with selenium alone. But there is a solution for this. You can use Appium to handle iOS and Android native, mobile, and hybrid apps using the WebDriver protocol.

    3. Limited reporting:

    With selenium, you couldn’t generate a good report. But there is a workaround. You can generate reports using TestNG or Extent reports.

    4. Handling dynamic Elements:

    Some of the web elements are dynamic in nature. If an element’s id is changing on every page load then it bit tricky to handle this in the normal way. We need to handle the dynamic elements with dynamic xpath or dynamic css selectors. Functions like starts-with, contains, ends with, etc., works well to handle dynamic objects.

    5. Handling page load:

    Some of the web pages are user specific. These user-specific pages load different elements depends on the different user. Sometimes some elements appear depends upon the previous action. If you choose a country from country dropdown then cities related that country will load in the cities dropdown. In runtime selenium script may not identify the element. To overcome this we need to use explicit waits in the script to give the elements enough time to load and to identify the element.

    6. Handling pop up windows:

    Windows-based pops are part of the operating system. It’s beyond selenium’s capabilities. We could use AutoIT to handle the windows based popups.

    7. Handling captcha:

    Handling captcha is a limitation in selenium. There are some third-party tools to automate captcha but still, we cannot achieve 100% results.

    You may like these:

    Challenges Limitations Selenium WebDriver

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