Non-Functional Testing: A Complete Guide For Beginners

In this article, we are going to see Non-Functional Testing in detail. After you finished reading this blog post, you will learn the following.

Non-functional testing is a subset of Software Testing.

The types of testings are as follows

1. Functional testing
2. Non-functional testing
3. Maintenance testing

Software Testing Types

The list of testing types mentioned here is not the complete list. There are more than 100 types of testing. 

In case you want to learn a detailed list of testing types, check out this 100+ Types of Testing.

What is Non-Functional Testing?

Non-functional testing is a type of software testing which refers to various aspects of the software such as performance, load, stress, scalability, security, compatibility, etc., The main focus of non-functional testing is to improve the user experience on how fast the system responds to a request.

It covers all the areas that are not covered in functional testing

It checks the attributes such as memory leaks, performance, or robustness of the system.
In simple words, how well the system performs is non-functionality testing.

Non-Functional Testing Types

The following are the most common types of Non-Functional Testing :

Non Functional Testing Types

  • Performance Testing
  • Load Testing
  • Failover Testing
  • Compatibility Testing
  • Usability Testing
  • Stress Testing
  • Maintainability Testing
  • Scalability Testing
  • Volume Testing
  • Security Testing
  • Compliance Testing
  • Portability Testing
  • Efficiency Testing
  • Reliability Testing
  • Baseline Testing
  • Endurance Testing
  • Documentation Testing
  • Recovery Testing
  • Internationalization Testing
  • Localization Testing
  • Resilience testing

You can find detailed definitions of all the above-mentioned types of testing here.

Non-Functional Testing Parameters

Non-functional testing is done to test the non-functional parameters of an application. The parameters of non-functional testing are never tested before functional testing.

Non-functional parameters are as follows.

  • Availability
  • Efficiency
  • Reliability
  • Survivability
  • Flexibility
  • Reusability
  • Interoperability
  • Portability
  • Security
  • Usability
  • Scalability

Functional Testing vs Non-Functional Testing

Earlier we have discussed the difference between functional testing and non-functional testing. Check this post for a detailed explanation. 

Non-Functional Testing Tools

Non-functional testing can be done using different tools. There are several tools available in the market for Performance testing, Load testing, & Stress Testing.

Check this post for a detailed list of Performance testing tools.

In conclusion:

Non-functional testing is an important testing type of software testing. It involves testing only non-functional requirements such as performance, security, usability, reliability, and other non-functional parameters.

Software testing is not considered complete with just finishing functional testing. Both functional and non-functional testing is important in the success of an application and builds up a good relationship with the customer.  

Here I have hand-picked a few posts which will help you to learn more interview related stuff:

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