Testng Asserts – How To Use Assertions In TestNG

TestNG Asserts

TestNG Asserts are the most frequently used methods while creating Selenium Scripts. Let’s see Assertions in TestNG and where to use them

TestNG Asserts help us to verify the condition of the test in the middle of the test run. Based on the TestNG Assertions, we will consider a successful test only if it is completed the test run without throwing any exception.

Must Read: Soft Assert And Its Advantages over Asserts

Let’s see a basic example using TestNG Asserts.

We do verify the title of the webpage using TestNG Asserts.

Here I do take two test conditions. In the first condition, I take a title value correctly and use assertEquals statement and in the second condition, I take incorrect title value to deliberately throw the exception.

Here is a video tutorial to learn “How To Use Assertions In TestNG”:

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Step 1: Open Gmail

Step 2: Verify whether the title matches to the given String. If it matches, go to the email field and type the given text in the sendKeys method else it throws an exception

Note: In this step, I took the actualTitle value correctly in the below script. So it goes to the email filed and type the given text.

Step 3: Again open gmail

Step 4: Verify whether the title matches to the given String. If it matches, go to the email field and type the given text in the sendKeys method else it throws an exception

Note: In this step, I took incorrect actualTitle value. Here due to assertion fails, it throws an exception.

Different TestNG Asserts Statements:

Assert.assertEqual(String actual,String expected) : Asserts that two Strings are equal. If they are not, an AssertionError is thrown.

Parameters:
actual – the actual value
expected – the expected value

Assert.assertEqual(String actual,String expected, String message) : Asserts that two Strings are equal. If they are not, an AssertionError, with the given message, is thrown.

Parameters:
actual – the actual value
expected – the expected value
message – the assertion error message

Assert.assertEquals(boolean actual,boolean expected) : Asserts that two booleans are equal. If they are not, an AssertionError is thrown.

Parameters:
actual – the actual value
expected – the expected value

Assert.assertTrue(condition) : Asserts that a condition is true. If it isn’t, an AssertionError is thrown.

Parameters:
condition – the condition to evaluate

Assert.assertTrue(condition, message) :  Asserts that a condition is true. If it isn’t, an AssertionError, with the given message, is thrown.

Parameters:
condition – the condition to evaluate
message – the assertion error message

Assert.assertFalse(condition) :  Asserts that a condition is false. If it isn’t, an AssertionError is thrown.

Parameters:
condition – the condition to evaluate

Assert.assertFalse(condition, message) : Asserts that a condition is false. If it isn’t, an AssertionError, with the given message, is thrown.

Parameters:
condition – the condition to evaluate
message – the assertion error message

You could find the complete TestNG tutorial here.

TestNG Complete Tutorial

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Rajkumar SM is a founder of SoftwareTestingMaterial. He is a certified Software Test Engineer by profession and blogger & youtuber by choice. He has an extensive experience in the field of Software Testing. He writes here about Software Testing which includes both Manual and Automation Testing. He loves to be with his wife and cute little kid 'Freedom'.

2 thoughts on “Testng Asserts – How To Use Assertions In TestNG”

  1. Hi sir
    I have query regarding Login function I am trying to automate application & I am logged in successfully on the second time I am checking that user is already is in the application but every time it goes inside If condition & writing Username & password so my next test case is getting failed
    Please give me solution

    • Hi Ajinkya Kale, I didnt get you. Could you pls give me more info..

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