• What is Automation Testing - Advantages & Types of Tools
  • What is Selenium IDE, Selenium RC, Selenium WebDriver, Selenium Grid?
  • Selenium IDE, Firebug & Firepath Installation


  • Selenium WebDriver Architecture
  • Selenium Installation
  • Challenges and Limitations of Selenium
  • First Selenium WebDriver Script
  • Working with Firefox Browser
  • Solution - Failed To Launch Browser Using Selenium WebDriver
  • Working with Chrome Browser
  • Working with IE Browser
  • Difference Between FindElement & FindElements
  • Install Firebug, Fire path and other add on for Selenium
  • Locators in Selenium
  • Dynamic Xpath
  • Dynamic CSS
  • Handle drop-downs
  • How to work with file upload
  • Handle Alerts & Popups
  • Handle Multiple Windows
  • Mouse Hover event in Selenium
  • Right Click
  • Double Click
  • Drag and Drop
  • Capture Screenshots in Selenium
  • Parameterization
  • Synchronization
  • Implicit Wait, Explicit Wait and Fluent Wait in Selenium
  • Implicit Waits
  • Explicit WebDriver Waits
  • Fluent Wait In Selenium
  • Apache POI
  • How To Read Data From Excel File
  • How To Write Data In Excel File
  • Database Testing Using MSSQL
  • Database Testing Using MySQL
  • Database Testing Using DB2
  • Handle Ajax Call in Selenium
  • Listeners in Selenium
  • Handling JavaScript in Selenium
  • Stale Element Reference Exception in Selenium
  • Integrate Sikuli with Selenium
  • Headless Browser Testing 
  • Headless Browser Testing using HtmlUnitDriver
  • Headless Browser Testing using PhanthomJSDriver


  • TestNG Installation
  • TestNG Complete Tutorial


  • Extent Reports Introduction
  • Extent Reports Generation
  • Capturing Screenshots & Including In Extent Reports
  • Extent Reports Version 4


  • ANT Build Tool - How To Download & Install
  • Maven Build Tool - How To Download & Install
  • Creating Maven Selenium Project
  • GIT Integration with Selenium
  • Jenkins - How To Download & Install
  • Jenkins - Executing TestNG Scripts
  • Jenkins - Generating Reports After Test Execution
  • Jenkins - Executing Maven Project
  • Create build and Execute build for nightly execution
  • Send Email report based on build Status
  • Selenium Continuous Integration with Jenkins [Selenium – Maven – Git – Jenkins] – Step By Step Guide


  • Running Selenium Tests On BrowserStack
  • Kobiton - Mobile Testing Platform with Real Devices


  • Mobile Testing Platform with Real Devices


  • What is Framework & Types of Framework
  • Page Object Model Design Pattern
  • Data Driven Framework
  • How to explain Test Automation Framework or Selenium Automation Framework Architecture In Interview

  • API Testing:

  • Learn API Testing
  • Postman Tutorial (API Testing with Postman)


  • Test Automation Framework Interview Questions
  • Selenium Interview Questions
  • TestNG Interview Questions
  • Java Interview Questions
  • Python Interview Questions
  • API Testing Interview Questions


  • Automation Tester Resume
  • Headless Browser Testing using Selenium WebDriver

    Headless Browser Testing using Selenium WebDriver

    In this post, we learn what is Headless Browser Testing and what we could achieve with Headless Browser Testing using Selenium WebDriver. Selenium WebDriver is a tool to automate web applications. It verifies that the web applications are working as expected. It supports many browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari etc., You could open these browsers manually and you could see the graphical user interface of above mentioned browsers.

    If you execute a Selenium script using “WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();”, then you could see Firefox browser Graphical User Interface (GUI) in your system and a result based on your script in your IDE console.

    Hope you have seen above mentioned browsers earlier. If you want to see how to use these browsers then check these links.

    1. Mozilla Firefox – GeckoDriver
    2. Google Chrome
    3. Internet Explorer
    4. Edge Driver

    Headless Browser Testing using Selenium WebDriver

    So what is Headless Browser?

    Now coming to the headless browser, a headless browser is a browser which doesn’t have a GUI. Headless browser is used to simulate programs even though there is no browser installed on your local system. You couldn’t see any browser in your system but you will get the same result in your console. Headless browser doesn’t have GUI means it’s just that it doesn’t have any GUI but the program runs in the background.

    Headless Browser Testing Using Selenium WebDriver:

    Headless browser testing using Selenium WebDriver is done to test the application without any visual interruption.

    Two widely used headless drivers with practical examples.

    1. HtmlUnitDriver
    2. PhantomJSDriver

    Advantages of Performing Headless Browser Testing In Selenium:

    1. It’s faster. The performance is better compared to browser automation. Automated testing is to automate a browser to ensure that the application is running as expected. Running regression scripts take lots of time. With headless browsers, we could save time.
    2. It enables you to run the scripts on a system which doesn’t have a browser.
    3. Imagine you have a situation to run some tests on a version of google chrome and there is no such version of google chrome on your local system. In this case, you could use the headless browser, most of the headless browsers support browser versions.

    Disadvantages of Headless Browsers Testing:

    1. Debugging is a bit difficult using headless browsers. Here browser is not visible, the only way is to capture a screenshot.

    In the next post, we will learn how to perform HtmlUnitDriver headless browser testing using Selenium WebDriver and PhanthomJsDriver headless browser testing using Selenium WebDriver.

    As always, feel free to share this post with your friends and colleagues on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus!

    Headless Browser Testing using Selenium WebDriver

    Get our latest blog posts delivered to your inbox

    Subscribe and get popular blog posts about software testing industry.


    Leave a Comment

    Share via
    Copy link
    Powered by Social Snap